Theoretical and experimental investigations of processes of formation and transfer of optical signals and images in the atmosphere are important for estimation of maximum operation range of the existing optoelectronic systems and systems being developed for various designations and deployment (on the terrestrial surface, in the atmosphere, or in the extra-atmospheric space).
The urgency and intensity of investigations in the field of satellite and ground-based active and passive systems of sensing and monitoring of the atmosphere and hydrosphere increase. They are stimulated by climatic changes on our planet. Without knowledge of the processes in the atmosphere –terrestrial surface system it is impossible to provide realistic forecast of these changes and to find possible means for decreasing their negative consequences.
https://cosmo.iao.ru/en - Results of daily satellite sensing of the atmosphere and the Earth surface of Western Siberia. Satellite data on the aerosol, cloudiness, ozone, reflecting properties of the Earth surface, and temperature and humidity profiles.